North & South is a British television historical drama programme, produced by the BBC and originally broadcast in four episodes on BBC One in November and December 2004. It follows the story of Margaret Hale (Daniela Denby-Ashe), a young woman from southern England who has to move to the North after her father decides to leave the clergy. The family struggles to adjust itself to the industrial town's customs, especially after meeting the Thorntons, a proud family of cotton mill owners who seem to despise their social inferiors. The story explores the issues of class and gender, as Margaret's sympathy for the town mill workers clashes with her growing attraction to John Thornton (Richard Armitage).
Margaret's father, a clergyman, has long harbored doubts about the doctrines of the Church of England and resigns his position rather than attest to orthodox beliefs as his bishop requires. To avoid gossip, the family move to the (fictional) industrial town of Milton, Darkshire, in the north of England. Thanks to his friend, Mr. Bell (Brian Protheroe), Mr. Hale is able to find a house. Giving lessons as a private tutor provides him a modest income. One of his pupils is local mill-owner John Thornton (Richard Armitage), who gets off to a bad start with Margaret when she witnesses him beating a worker whom he has caught smoking in the mill, which endangers all the workers. Gradually, Margaret gets used to Thornton, but his mother Hannah (Sinéad Cusack) and sister Fanny (Jo Joyner) disapprove of her, believing her haughty and alien to the customs of the North. In the meantime, Margaret attempts to do charitable work among the mill workers and comes into contact with Nicholas Higgins (Brendan Coyle) and his daughter, Bessy (Anna Maxwell Martin), who suffers from byssinosis from exposure to the cotton fibres in the mills. When Bessy became ill at Hamper's Mill, her father moved her to Marlborough Mills, Thornton's mill, because the working environment is better there. In a meeting with fellow mill owners, Thornton says he had a wheel for ventilation installed in all of the rooms of his factory in order to maintain a healthier workforce, despite the fact that it costs a great deal of money. The other industrialists had refused to install a wheel because of the expense.
Margaret's father visits Mr. Bell in Oxford, and dies there. With no family to keep her in Milton, Margaret leaves the north to stay with her aunt in London. After a few months living with the Shaws, Margaret visits Helstone with Mr. Bell, and meets the new vicar and his wife. Margaret is disappointed to find Helstone much changed, and realises that she has romanticised and idealised her childhood home, and starts to truly recognise the merits of life in Milton.
As Margaret's godfather, Mr. Bell makes over his significant fortune to her when he finds out that he has a terminal illness and chooses to move to Argentina for the better climate. Margaret hence becomes the owner of Marlborough Mills and John Thornton's landlord. Margaret visits Milton with Henry Lennox, who is now acting as her financial advisor; she speaks with Mrs. Thornton at Malborough Mills, expressing her realisation of Mr. Thornton's true character. Meanwhile, Thornton, having discovered the truth about Fred being Margaret's brother from Higgins, goes south to see Margaret's home town of Helstone. At a railway station halfway between Milton and Helstone, Margaret and Thornton cross paths on their respective return journeys. She proposes a business deal by which the factory can be reopened; after this the two share a kiss. Margaret bids farewell to Henry, and gets on the train "home" to Milton with Thornton.
I found the dvd amongst my collection I had forgotten how brilliant it was I binged watched it all in one go again it has for me the most romantic moment in anything I have ever seen when he hands her the rose from Helston so wonderful . It has now become my favourite series I loved Richard Armitage anyway he was great in spooks as Lucas and thorin in the hobbit but in this he excels . The station scene is a romantic classic she tries to make her offer to help him a matter of business and he gives her the rose they kiss . Loved it also when she faced the angry mob to defend him! I loved the dance scene in Sanditon but north and south is a quiet unfolding love story just perfect now my all time favourite romantic drama . Richard Armitage smoulders as the brooding moody John Thornton Daniela denby Ashe perfect as Margaret Hale great chemistry.
There's cotton manufactured at both Queen Street and Helmshore, which also has a woollen section. Both are open as museums and fascinating for anyone with an interest in the Industrial Revolution. Dalton Mill is now offices and the like.BTW, in many of his roles, Richard uses different regional accents, many of them in northern England. In N&S, it's Mancunian, as Mrs Gaskell based Milton on Manchester. Her husband was a Unitarian minister, and she knew many mill owners, so she was very familiar with the milieu she wrote about in N&S.
Margaret Hale is a southerner from a country vicarage newly settled in the industrial northern town of Milton. In the shock of her move, she misjudges charismatic cotton mill-owner John Thornton, whose strength of purpose and passion are a match for her own pride and willfulness. When the workers of Milton call a strike, Margaret takes their side, and the two are brought into deeper conflict. As events spiral out of control, Margaret - to her surprise - begins to fall in love with Thornton...
North and South is basically a Victorian version of Pride and Prejudice set in the north, where Mr Thornton is Miss Bennett and Margaret Hale is Mr Darcy. Austen is a better author in the way that she writes, whereas Gaskell is little wordy, but the story and the development in N&S is just so much the better.
After the World Health Assembly of the World Health Organization (WHO) resolved in 1988 to eradicate poliomyelitis globally, the number of countries in which polio is endemic declined from 125 to six by 2003. However, in 2004, polio cases caused by wild poliovirus (WPV) originating from northern Nigeria were reported in 11 countries --- Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Guinea, Mali, Saudi Arabia, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Cote d'Ivoire, and Sudan --- reestablishing transmission* in the latter five countries. Sudan, a member state of the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region, initiated poliomyelitis eradication activities in the northern area of the country in 1994 and in the south in 1998. Since 1998, Sudan has made substantial progress in implementing polio eradication strategies, with no WPV reported from May 2001 through April 2004 (1). However, in May 2004, a WPV case was detected in West Darfur (2), and a polio outbreak is currently affecting 17 of the country's 26 states (3). This report describes the outbreak and response and provides an update on acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance and supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) in Sudan. The outbreak underscores the importance of continued SIAs in polio-free countries with low routine vaccination coverage, even in areas with moderate to low population density, as well as the need to ensure uniformly high-quality AFP surveillance.Routine Vaccination
The Sudanese Ministry of Health reported that 74% of infants had received 3 doses of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV3) in 2003, whereas WHO and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) estimated national OPV3 coverage in Sudan to be 50% for the same year. However, OPV3 coverage in conflict-affected southern Sudan is estimated to be substantially lower than national estimates. Supplementary Immunization Activities
After WVP type 1 (WPV1) was detected in May 2004 in West Darfur, statewide immunization activities were conducted in North, South, and West Darfur states in July and August 2004 (West Kordofan was also included in August 2004), resulting in vaccination of 1.0 million and 1.4 million children during those periods, respectively. In addition, two rounds of immunization activities were conducted in Bahr El Gazal states in August and September 2004, resulting in vaccination of approximately 500,000 children during each round. NID rounds conducted in October and November 2004 reached an estimated 7.6 million children. An additional round was conducted in December 2004 in parts of Upper Nile after the detection of a WPV1 case there in November. Although high coverage (95%) was reported for the 2004 rounds, certain areas of southern and western Sudan were not accessible because of conflict.AFP Surveillance
The key WHO-recommended indicators for monitoring AFP surveillance quality are the rate of AFP cases reported (target: >1.0 per 100,000 population aged 80%). Both north-central and southern Sudan exceeded the targets for AFP surveillance quality in 2002 (AFP rate: 2.6; AFP cases for which adequate specimens were collected: 90%), although population denominators for southern Sudan are uncertain. Nationally, surveillance quality remained high through 2003 and 2004, although several states (six in 2003 and five in 2004) were below recommended levels for surveillance quality indicators.WPV Incidence
The last WPV1 case detected in Sudan before the current outbreak was identified in April 2001 in Unity state, southern Sudan. The first case of the outbreak was detected in May 2004 in West Darfur, and the outbreak is currently affecting 17 of 26 states (109 WPV1 cases in 15 states and three WPV type 3 [WPV3] cases in three states) (Figure 2); both WPV1 and WPV3 were detected in one state (Unity). Although six cases have been reported in six states since the second NID round in November 2004, the epidemic curve suggests a waning of the outbreak, after accounting for reporting and laboratory delays (Figure 1). As of January 14, the last case detected with WPV had a paralysis onset date of December 14. 781b155fdc